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In order to measure how much fuel a car consumes and whether it complies with strict exhaust emission limits, all new cars undergo a standardised test procedure. Since September 1st 2017, the new “Worldwide Harmonised Light-Duty Vehicle Test Procedure” (WLTP) has been enforced across the EU for new passenger cars. It follows the NEDC (New European Driving Cycle), which was in use since 1992. The publication of the values from the new driving cycle test has been mandatory for all car manufacturers since September 1st 2018. On this page you will find the most important facts about WLTP and how it differs to the NEDC, as well as information about the EURO 6d-TEMP standard and how it relates to the Real Driving Emissions Procedure (RDE). 
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WLTP VS. NEDC.

WLTP NEDC
Start temperature 14°C 20-30°C
Cycle time 30 min 20 min
Stationary time proportion 13% 25%
Cycle length ca. 23 km
ca. 11 km
Speed Average: 46.6 km/h
Maximum: 131 km/h
Average: 34 km/h
Maximum: 121 km/h
Drive power

Average: 7 kW

Maximum: 47 kW

Average: 4 kW
Maximum: 34 kW
Influence of optional equipment, air-conditioning (AC) and rolling resistance.
Optional equipment is taken into account for weight, aerodynamics and rolling resistance. No AC.
Figures take only rolling resistance into account.

WLTP: More realistic consumption figures.

The new WLTP driving cycle takes into account situations that are closer to everyday life than the NEDC standard. It allows you to assess daily consumption better.

 

The Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP) was introduced on September 1st, 2017 for new vehicle types. 12 months later it became binding for all passenger cars and thus succeeded the previously used New European Driving Cycle (NEDC). While it is still a lab test, WLTP was introduced with the intention of providing customers with fuel consumption data closer to real driving behaviour and creating a new level of transparency.

 

WLTP takes into account:

  • More realistic driving dynamics and external temperature
  • Greater test distance
  • Higher average and maximum speeds
  • Less holding times
  • More braking and acceleration

 

Optional equipment also has an impact on figures determined using the WLTP driving cycle.

You can find the WLTP values for the Opel vehicle of your interest in the Configurator.

WHAT IS THE WLTP DRIVING CYCLE?

WLTP driving cycle

The WLTP driving cycle consists of several phases, which are based on everyday driving profiles of motorists from around the world. Compared to NEDC, it is more dynamic, has less stop phases and draws on higher speeds over longer time to reflect today’s driving situations.

 

Each engine/transmission combination of a certain vehicle type is tested with the most economical as well as the most fuel-intensive vehicle equipment. While the introduction of WLTP has resulted in an increase of published fuel consumption figures and CO2 values, these are now much closer to the actual fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.

  • WLTP driving cycle

    The WLTP driving cycle consists of several phases, which are based on everyday driving profiles of motorists from around the world. Compared to NEDC, it is more dynamic, has less stop phases and draws on higher speeds over longer time to reflect today’s driving situations.

     

    Each engine/transmission combination of a certain vehicle type is tested with the most economical as well as the most fuel-intensive vehicle equipment. While the introduction of WLTP has resulted in an increase of published fuel consumption figures and CO2 values, these are now much closer to the actual fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.

EURO 6 AND RDE.

DIFFERENT PROCESSES OF TESTING PROCEDURE
WLTP RDE
Temperature 14°C - 23°C
3°C - 30°C
moderate test conditions 

Weight
Empty vehicle
+ driver + 15% loading

Up to 90% additional load
Duration
30 minutes
90 - 120 minutes
Routes
Defined cycle
Any route (city, country, motorway) within the framework of the test conditions

The real life test.

Under the new emission standards as of Euro 6d-TEMP, vehicles will have to prove their claimed emissions output in the future under more stringent test conditions. This means that the limit values for nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particle emissions not only have to be complied with under the new WLTP laboratory conditions, but they must also be verified in an everyday test.

 

Therefore, the RDE test procedure (Real Driving Emissions) does not require a fixed driving cycle; distance, acceleration, outside temperature, wind conditions and traffic conditions are freely selectable within given statistical boundary conditions.